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How much will our earners in Lithuania receive
Recently, BP ratified the agreement of the Cabinet of Ministers with the Republic of Lithuania on employment and cooperation in the field of labor migration. The document will allow signatory countries to more effectively protect the labor rights of their citizens.
About what opportunities the agreement opens for Ukrainians working in Lithuania, in the column “Ministry of Finance” said the managing partner of KAC Group Vladimir Garkusha.
Why are our people going to Lithuania
The number of Ukrainians looking for work in Lithuania is hardly a “migration flow”. It’s not even a matter of scale (in fact, about 15 thousand of our workers are working there), but of the background. They don’t flee to Lithuania from a hopeless life to “pick strawberries” at least somewhere. With the current growth rate of salaries in Ukraine and the level of salaries in Lithuania, this is simply pointless.
For the most part, Ukrainian labor migrants see their place of work in Lithuania as temporary, allowing them to gain some experience: undergo “European” adaptation, confirm their qualifications and the like. And then move on.
Over time, such labor migrants see themselves, for example, in Germany or the countries of Scandinavia. Given this motivation for finding work in Lithuania, most likely the flow of labor migrants from Ukraine to this country will grow. Therefore, the protection of the labor rights of our employees is an urgent issue.
Ukrainians were equated with local
The agreement ratified by parliament (law No. 0021) is designed to protect the rights of labor migrants and reduce the scope of illegal work. There are several interesting innovations for our guest workers. Of course, an article establishing the following principle will be useful: the salary paid to Ukrainians working in Lithuania cannot be lower than that of a citizen of Lithuania who performs similar functions with the same employer. The same goes for Lithuanians working in Ukraine.
If the given employer does not have another employee with local registration that performs similar functions, a different principle applies: the salary cannot be lower than the official average monthly salary in the host country for the calendar year in this type of economic activity. In this case, the salary will be accrued in the manner and under the conditions prescribed in local laws.
An employment contract without surprises
Of course, all labor relations must be formalized. In addition, our citizens should know that when concluding a contract they have the following rights:
before signing the contract to receive complete and accurate information from the employer about all the conditions and subtleties of this contract,
get a copy of the signed employment contract / draft contract in a language that is understandable before entering the territory of Lithuania,
confirm your agreement with the terms of employment and work.
Such an employment contract should contain the following specific information:
place of work,
working day / weekcontract time,
procedure for termination of the contract,
the procedure for paying expenses for arrival in the country of work and return to the country of residence.
Regarding the issue of work permits or temporary residence permits, no new rules are established in the agreement.
“Lithuanian” salaries will be paid on business trips
The Agreement also stipulates the compulsory working conditions of workers who are sent by the employer on a business trip to the state party to the agreement. So, the Ukrainian employer must inform the territorial body of the State Labor Inspectorate under the Ministry of Social Protection and Labor of the Republic of Lithuania about the working conditions of the employee who is sent on a business trip to Lithuania.
An employee who goes on a business trip to a country party to the Agreement to perform work or provide services under an agreement must obtain a work permit, as well as a visa or a temporary residence permit.
Another point is interesting. The working conditions of an employee of a Ukrainian company sent on a business trip to Lithuania will be regulated by the laws of this country. This also applies to wages.
That is, if the Ukrainian employer sends his employee on a business trip to Lithuania, he must bear in mind that during this business trip he must make sure that the salary of his employee corresponds to the average monthly salary of the same specialist in Lithuania.